records on this date suggest that the first African-American birth was
recorded. William Tucker, the first
black child born (recorded) in the American colonies, was baptized in Jamestown, Virginia.
Two of the first Africans to be brought to North America in 1619 were simply
called Anthony (Antonio) and Isabella they were married and, in 1624, gave
birth to the first black child born in English America naming him William
Tucker in honor of a Virginia Planter. After 1619, all Africans brought into
the colonies were sold as slaves. Today, the black population is over
35-million, or nearly 13-percent of the U.S. total.
The largest numbers of African Americans live in New York State
(more than 3-million). Other states with African American populations of more
than 2-million include California, Florida, Georgia
On this date we celebrate the birth of Abram Hannibal. He was an
African slave who became a major general and military engineer in Russia.
Hannibal was born in Lagano, Ethiopia,
the son of the reigning prince. At the age of eight he was captured and taken
to Turkey, where he was once
again kidnapped and taken to Moscow.
He was given to the Czar, Peter the Great who grew fond of him because of his
intelligence. For ten years Hannibal
went everywhere with Peter. Hannibal
completed his early schooling in 1716.
He had a natural gift for mathematics and engineering. With his skill he helped
to assemble the naval port and fortress town of Kronstadt,
which played an important role in the history of Russia. The Czar sent Abram to Paris to study
engineering. He stayed in France
for six years. During that time he joined the French Army as a “commander,”
taking part in the Spanish war of the Czar’s Guard as an Engineer Lieutenant.
Peter died in 1725 and immediately Hannibal was
banished to Siberia. There he built the
fortress of Selenchinsk, escaping only to be recaptured and returned to exile.
In 1741 a new ruler came to power and Hannibal
was restored to honor in the army, quickly rising to the rank of General. Hannibal’s skill and intelligence added many contributions
to Russia, one was
commission to secure the boundary line between Russia
and Sweden, and another was
an appointment with a staff to inspect the forts of Russia. But his greatest
achievement was his selection as Commandant of the city of Reval, and as a Major in the Tomesk
stronghold. After retiring from service in 1733, with the accession of Peter
the Great’s daughter Empress Elizabeth, he returned to the Court in 1741. She
awarded him military promotions, engineering projects and an estate near St. Petersburg where he
retired in 1762.
illegally married Christina Regina Von Shoberg, the daughter of a German
officer. The couple had 11 children and in 1799 their granddaughter Nadezhda
gave girth to Alexander Puskin, the father of modern Russian literature and
that countries greatest poet. Hannibal
who died in 1762 and though he never knew his grandfather, Puskin was Enamored
with his African heritage. Puskin wrote a fictionalized biography of Hannibal The Negro of Peter the Great,
Mott was born on this date. She was an American
abolitionist and educator.
Born in the seaport town of Nantucket, Massachusetts, when she was 13 she was sent to a
co-educational Quaker school, Nine Partners, in Dutchess County, New York.
It was here that Lucretia met James Mott. From 1808-10 she served as an
assistant teacher at Nine Partners, and during that time the Coffin family
moved from Boston to Philadelphia.
In 1811 James Mott and Lucretia Coffin married, and he engaged in cotton and
wool trade (he later focused only on wool trading as a protest against the
slavery-dependent cotton industry in the South). Between 1812 and 1828 Mott had
six children, of whom five lived to adulthood. She began to speak at Quaker
meetings in 1818, and in 1821 she was recognized as a minister in the Society
of Friends in Philadelphia.
Throughout their long marriage James Mott encouraged his wife in her many
activities outside the home.
The Quaker tradition enabled women to take public positions on a variety of
social problems and in the 1830s Mott was elected as a clerk of the
Philadelphia Women’s Yearly Meeting. During the 1820s a rift formed between the
stricter, more conservative Quakers and the tolerant, less orthodox followers
of Elias Hicks (known as the Hicksites). In 1827 first James and then Lucretia
followed the Hicksite branch that adopted free interpretation of the Bible and
reliance on inward, as opposed to historic Christian, guidance.
Later in her life, she often spoke in Unitarian churches; her sermons show her
full engagement in the liberal religious discussions of the day. Mott’s letters
reflect her regular travels in the mid-nineteenth century throughout the East
and Midwest as she addressed the
Non-Resistance Society, the Anti-Slavery Convention of American Women as well
as the quarterly and yearly Quaker meetings.
Throughout the 1850s, Mott continued her speaking and engaged in further
antislavery and non-resistant activities. She worked with other antislavery
leaders such as Frederick Douglass, William Lloyd Garrison, and Lucy Stone. As
a Quaker preaching non-violence, Mott denounced the Civil War but not without
some conflict, for, like other antislavery activists, she hoped the war would
end slavery. She died in 1880.
On this date, Alonzo
Jacob Ransier was born. He was an African-American
politician known for his honesty.
Born free in Charleston, South Carolina, he received limited
education becoming a shipping clerk at the age of sixteen. After the Civil War
he was appointed as that state’s registrar of elections. Ransier’s activity in
gaining equality for Blacks was based not on politics. He traveled to Washington with a petition from a Charleston meeting of the Friends of Equal
Rights, pushing for more consideration for the rights of blacks.
In 1868 he was a presidential elector for Ulysses S. Grant and two years later
he was nominated for lieutenant governor. Here Ransier urged blacks to not
support Horace Greeley for president though he was widely admired. In 1872 he ran
for and won the second districts Republican Congressional seat. Responding to
attacks from Democrats, Ransier defended the record of Black soldiers who
fought for the Union during the Civil War,
recalling their support for President Grant in his 1872 reelection bid.
Soon after leaving congress, his wife Louisa died. He stayed employed as an
internal revenue collector but later fell into poverty. Alonzo Ransier died on
August 17th 1882.
Mary Magdalena L.
Tate was born on this date. She was an
African-American minister and administrator.
From Dickson, Tennessee her character and demeanor brought
on the nickname “Miss Do Right” during her youth. Tate’s followers were also
known as “The Do Rights” and later she became known as Mother Tate. In 1903 she
along with her two sons, Walter Curtis Lewis and Feliz Early Lewis established
“The Church of the Living God, the Pillar and the Ground of the Truth without
Controversy” (House of God).
After she was ordained as a minister, Tate began advocating the cleanliness of
the word of God. In 1907, she preached her first sermon in Brooklyn, Illinois.
over 900 persons were converted through her preaching. Tate herself was
baptized in 1908 and accepted as Chief Apostle Elder, president, and first
chief overseer of the formally organized church in Greenville, Alabama.
Additionally, she was ordained as a Bishopric and presided over the First
General Assembly of the Church
of God from June 25 to
July 5, 1908.
In 1914, Mother Tate organized the first Church
of God in Florida
in Ocala. By
1916, under her leadership, charters were issued to Church
of God members in more than twenty
states and the District of Columbia.
Between 1930 and 1962, fourteen state charters were granted to establish the Church of God. Four more states were added to the Church of God roster by 1981. By 1992, some
forty-three states and Jamaica
were chartered by the Church
The Church of God
has experienced the greatest growth in membership of any Christian organization
in the United States of
climaxed her career as a world evangelist of the Gospel of Jesus Christ. Mother
Mary Magdalena L. Tate died on December 28, 1930, and was buried in the family
plot in her hometown.
Institute of History and Art in New York State opens its exhibit “The Negro Artist Comes of Age: A National
Survey of Contemporary American Artists.” The show
includes works by Aaron
Douglas, William H. Johnson, Palmer Hayden, Eldzier Cortor, Lois M. Jones, and others and will run for five weeks.
Association for the Advancement of Colored People’s annual report called 1946 “one of the grimmest years in the history of the NAACP.”
The report detailed horrendous violence, atrocities, and crimes heaped on “Negro
veterans freshly returned from a war to end torture and racial extermination,”
most especially in the South. There were reports of veterans murdered with
blowtorches, having their eyes gouged out, and castrations. In a bid to put the proud Black soldiers “back in their
place,” the report further stated that scores of “Negroes in America
have been disillusioned over the wave of lynchings, brutality and official
recession from all of the flamboyant promises of post war democracy and
decency.” The NAACP said in its report that America’s talk of democracy and
decency during World War II had been nothing but “flamboyant promises.”
Methodist Episcopal Church, established
in 1870, officially changes its name to the Christian Methodist Episcopal Church. The denomination is headquartered today in Memphis, Tennessee, and comprises a membership of nearly 500,000.
Clayton Powell became chairman of the Education and Labor Committee of
the House of Representatives.
McKissick, a North
Carolina attorney, is named national director of The
Congress of Racial Equality (CORE).
Commission of Springfield, OH unanimously elected Robert C. Henry, 44, as mayor. Henry, the first Black man to become mayor of an
city, had been elected to his second term as a city commissioner in November,
1965. Henry pointed out that his duties as mayor (at $2,500 annually) would be
largely ceremonial with the city manager handling most of the executive mayors.
was on this day that the first Black college student was killed as a result of
his involvement in the Civil Rights Movement. The hero was Tuskegee Institute
(now university) student Sammy Younge Jr. The
21-year-old was gunned down by a 67 year old white service station attendant
because he had used the service station’s “whites only” restroom.
Louis Stokes is sworn in as the first African American congressman from the state
of Ohio. He
will serve more that ten terms in Congress and be distinguished by his
leadership of the 1977 Select Committee on Assassinations and chairmanship of
the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct (Ethics Committee).
Clayton Powell, Jr. is seated by Congress after being expelled
by Congress in 1967, and re-elected by the voters in his Harlem
Tony Dorsett sets an NFL record with a 99-yd rush, in a game between the Dallas
Cowboys and the Minnesota Vikings.
Syria frees captured Black U.S. Navy pilot, Lieutenant Robert Goodman, shot down over Damascus a month earlier, after a personal appeal from
Price bids adieu to the Metropolitan Opera in New York. She sings the
title role of “Aida”. Price had been part of the Metropolitan Opera since 1961.
government confirms the resettlement of 10,000 Ethiopian Jews.
The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inducts its first female artist - “Lady Soul,” Aretha Franklin.
“The Arsenio Hall
Show” premiered. It was the first regularly scheduled
nightly talk show to star an African American. The
Emmy-award winning show ran from 1989 to 1994.
Bryant Gumbel co-hosts his final “Today” show on NBC.
On this date, Democratic
presidential candidate Barack Obama became the first
African American to win a US
presidential primary or caucus when, among other Democratic candidates, he
defeated front runners John Edwards and Hillary Rodham Clinton. On November 4th,
2008, Obama would go on to become the first Afrcan American and non-White to
win election for President of the United States.