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1781
California’s second pueblo near San Gabriel, Nuestra Senora la Reina de Los Angeles de Porciuncula (Los Angeles, California) is founded by forty-four settlers, of whom at least twenty-six (by The Munirah Chronicle) or thirty (by Yenoba.com) were descendants of Africans. Among the settlers of African descent, according to H.H. Bancroft’s authoritative “History of California,” were “Joseph Moreno, Mulatto, 22 years old, wife a Mulattress, five children; Manuel Cameron, Mulatto, 30 years old, wife Mulattress; Antonio Mesa, Negro, 38 years old, wife Mulattress, six children; Jose Antonio Navarro, Mestizo, 42 years old, wife, Mulattress, three children; Basil Rosas, Indian, 68 years old, wife, Mulattress, six children.”


1848
Louis Howard Latimer is born in Chelsea, Massachusetts. A one-time draftsman and preparer of patents for Alexander Graham Bell, he will later join the United States Electric Company, where he will patent a carbon filament for the incandescent lamp. When he joins the ancestors on December 11, 1928, he will be eulogized by his co-workers as a valuable member of the “Edison Pioneers,” a group of men and women who advanced electrical light usage in the United States.


1865
Bowie State College (now University) is established in Bowie, Maryland.


1875
The Clinton Massacre occurs in Clinton, Mississippi. Twenty to thirty African Americans are killed over a two-day period.


1908
Richard Wright, writer, was born in Natchez, MS. With a limited formal education, he moved to Chicago, where he worked on menial jobs while writing. In 1938, his book of short stories, “Uncle Tom’s Children”, was published, and in 1940 his novel, “Native Son”, became internationally famous. He will be among the first African American writers to protest white treatment of African Americans.

He died in Paris, November 28, 1960.


1923
George Washington Carver, head of he Department of Research and Director of the Experimental Station of the Tuskegee Institute received the 9th Spingarn Medal, the NAACP’s highest award, for distinguished research in agricultural chemistry.


1942
Merald ‘Bubba’ Knight is born in Atlanta, Georgia. He will become a singer with his sister Gladys Knight as part of her background group, The Pips. They will record many songs including “Midnight Train to Georgia,” “Best Thing That Ever Happened to Me,” “I Heard It Through the Grapevine,” “Every Beat of My Heart,” “Letter Full of Tears,” and “The Way We Were/Try to Remember” medley.


1949
A riot prevented Paul Robeson concert at Peekskill.


1953
Lawrence-Hilton Jacobs is born in New York City. He will become an actor and will star in “Alien Nation,” “Rituals,” “Roots,” “Welcome Back, Kotter,” “Quiet Fire,” “L.A. Heat,” and “L.A. Vice.”


1957
The governor of Arkansas, Orval Faubus, calls out the National Guard to stop nine African American students (The Little Rock Nine) from entering Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas. Three weeks later, President Dwight Eisenhower sends a force of 1,000 U.S. Army paratroopers (The 101st Airborne) to Little Rock to guarantee the peaceful desegregation of the public school.


1960
Damon Kyle Wayans is born in New York City, New York. Hewill become an actor/comedian and will star in “In Living Color,” “Major Payne,” “Blankman,” “Celtic Pride,” “The Great White Hype” and many others.


1981
Today is the birthday of singer, Beyonce Knowles, of Destiny’s Child.

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